By: Mahmoud Ghorab
The Syrian sky has seen, last Wednesday, a violent battle between Israel and Iran. The Israeli army has hit hard targets inside Syria. Israel claimed it struck almost all of Iran's military capabilities in Syria in response to 20 missiles were fired from southern Syria by Iran's al-Quds force on the Golan Heights.
The latest military confrontation between Israel and Iran in Syria showed a military superiority of Israel over Iran. In this regard, Israel has used 28 planes and fired 70 missiles at Syrian positions. In its statement, the Russian Defense Ministry announced Thursday that 28 Israeli F-15 and F-16 aircraft were used in the attack. About 60 air-to-ground missiles were fired at several areas of Syria, the statement added. According to the statement, Israel also fired more than 10 tactical ground-to-ground missiles.
One of the reasons for Israeli superiority is that Iran does not have accurate intelligence on Israeli targets, while Israel has solid intelligence. Furthermore, the repeated attacks by Israel on Iranian military positions, warehouses and arms deposits in Syria have weakened Iran's missile capabilities. In addition, the latest attacks have forced Iran to permanently change the positions of its remaining missiles, which was reflected negatively on their combat readiness.
In return, the Iranian missile attack on the occupied Golan Heights aimed at checking and testing Israel's combat capabilities and its reaction. This indicates that potential confrontations between the two sides will take place in the seen future.
The Israeli army announced, on Thursday, it attacked several Iranian sites near capital Damascus, Suweida, and Homs. For his side, the Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman said the Israeli strikes destroyed almost Iran's entire military infrastructure in Syria.
In a statement, the Israeli army has announced the sites it targeted in Syria. Among the targets that were hit were Iranian intelligence sites managed by the Quds Force, a logistics headquarters belonging to the Quds Force, military logistics compound, an Iranian military compound in Syria, north of Damascus, munition storage warehouses of the Quds Force at the Damascus International Airport, intelligence systems and posts associated with the Quds Force, observation and military posts and munition in the buffer zone.
Moreover, Iran's missile attack on the occupied Golan Heights is unlikely to be extended inside Syria to include a variety of targets. Targeting the Israeli military sites in the occupied Golan has given Israel an excuse to cancel the Golan cease-fire agreement, signed on 31 May 1974.
Keeping in mind the timing of the missile war between Tel Aviv and Tehran in Syria, it coincided with the visit of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to Russia and his meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Israel wanted to announce it had a green light from Russia to carry out its missile attacks on Syria. This was highlighted in the statements of the Israel Defense Forces spokesperson, Lt Col Jonathan Conricus, who told reporters that Tel Aviv has informed Moscow prior to the attack.
During his visit to Moscow, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has said that Russia is unlikely to try to limit Israel's military actions in Syria. At the conclusion of his meeting with Putin in Moscow, Netanyahu added that Israel has the right to defend itself against Iranian aggression.
Before heading to Moscow, Netanyahu has announced that his visit to Russia carries a special message in light of what is happening in Syria. He stressed the importance of the continued security coordination between the armies of the two countries. So, it should be noted that Israel is well aware of Russia's desire to trim the nails of Iran in Syria. There is also a semi-international consensus on the need to limit Iran's role in Damascus.
The latest confrontations between Israel and Iran came in the aftermath of US President Donald Trump withdrawing from the nuclear deal, his call for negotiations on drafting new deal, as well as his call to limit the Iranian interference in the affairs of the region.
It seems that Iran wanted to respond practically by rejecting Trump's call to negotiate a new nuclear deal by firing missiles at the occupied Golan Heights. The Iranian regime is aware that the sanctions imposed on it will strengthen the role of the Iranian opposition in light of the continuing deterioration of the economy and the Iranian currency. These sanctions represent the beginning of the actual American war to topple the Iranian regime if it continues. The modest response from Iran by launching 20 missiles on the occupied Golan Heights aims to strengthen and promote Iran's presence in Syria after the repeated Israeli attacks on its positions inside Syria. It also aims at testing the capabilities of the Israeli army.