By: Hamada Al Kohli
On Tuesday morning, official sources at the Palestine Embassy in Cairo were interested in communicating with a number of journalists, intellectuals and writers to confirm that the Palestinian Authority had not received any official confirmation from the United States that US President Donald Trump has retreated from his intentions to move U.S. embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, as well as recognizing the holy city as Israel's capital. These confirmations came despite the White House spokeswoman has announced that Trump decided to retreat from his decision.
This comes as Egyptian sources confirmed that Cairo had informed, on Sunday, that US President has retreated from his decision, which was announced by the White House during the last few hours following Arab and international pressures. As part of these diplomatic pressures, French President Emmanuel Macaron told US president, through a telephone call that France is concerned about the possibility of unilaterally recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
In the light of these developments, the indicators refers to the failure of US President to implement his intentions, as following:
- Trump would not take such step to end the file of Jerusalem unilaterally and recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
- The American administration announced its intentions to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel to extort the Palestinians and practice pressure on the Palestinian Authority, as the American vision for reviving the peace process does not depend on granting Jerusalem to Israel, but seeks a comprehensive solution to this issue.
- Trump administration does not need a prior announcement about the decisions it will take in the future, which enhances the idea of the interpretation of announcing those intentions only to extort Arabs and Palestinians and pressure them not more to accept what is so-called the deal of the century.
- The recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by United States will be considered by the Arab states as a declaration of war and bringing the Palestinian issue back to pre- and post‐1948 phase of Arab-Israeli conflicts. This is what the American and Israeli sides do not want, as it will bring risks for Israel and it will not be better than it is now.
- The position of the international community in general and the European in particular, restricts US President Donald Trump in taking this step, as well as the international agreements and the decisions of the Security Council and UNESCO.
- Washington and Tel Aviv recognize that recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of the Jews will not be easy, as Israel has recently been subjected to the Palestinians' reaction after preveting them from from performing Friday's prayers at Al-Aqsa mosque by the occupation authorities. Moreover, the third intifada (Palestinian uprising) was about to erupt.
- Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel means the immediate end of the Arab dialogue towards the peace process and will open the door to the adoption of diplomatic positions by Arab countries towards Israel. These positions may include breaking-off of diplomatic ties with Israel and withdrawing the recognition of Israel by Arab states.
- During the last hours, the Palestinian Authority has asked to hold an Arab-Islamic urgent summit to address the American attempts to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. We were informed that the Authority proposed the participation of the Arab defense ministers and the chiefs of staff in the summit. And, Abdullah bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan , which is the current President of the Arab League, is discussing the proposal of the Palestinian Authority. The Palestinian Authority consider the need to hold the summit, whether Trump carried out his threat on Wednesday or retreat, while the Arab countries are not eager to hold an emergency summit if the US president decides to back down.
- The statement issued by Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, on Tuesday, which was issued after consultations with the organs of the Egyptian state refers to the message directed by Egypt to the world about the severe consequences of this issue, as Al-Azhar did not hesitate to describe Israel as Zionist entity in its official statement. Al-Azhar also warned that such a move would inflame public opinion among all Muslims and will threaten world peace, as well as breed tension, division and hatred all over the world.
- Al-Azhar statement linked the growing phenomenon of terrorism to the international bias towards the Zionist entity and preventing implementation of resolutions condemning Israeli acts against the Palestinian people, which carries a clear warning of the consequences of this decision on the growing phenomenon of terrorism.
- The dilemma is the Jerusalem Embassy Act approved by the Congress in 1995, requiring the movement of the American Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The act also said that Jerusalem should be undivided and be recognized as the capital of Israel. However, the resolution provides an item under which the president is entitled to postpone the transfer of the embassy for a period not exceeding six months due to US national security's reasons, which was exploited by all former presidents to postpone this dangerous decision.
The Security Council resolutions overlooked by Trump and the international community:
The Security Council has issued several resolutions concerning Jerusalem as a land of the Palestinians:
- Resolution No. 242 of November 22, 1967, in which the UN Security Council called on Israel to withdraw to the pre-1967 borders.
- Resolution No. 251 of May 2, 1968, which condemned the Israeli military parade in Jerusalem.
- Resolution No. 252 of May 21, 1968, in which the Security Council called on Israel to abolish all its arbitrary measures to change the status of the city.
- Resolution No. 267 of July 3, 1969, which rejected all measures taken by Israel to change the status of Jerusalem.
- Resolution No. 271 of September 15, 1969, which condemned the attempt to burn Al-Aqsa Mosque and desecration of holy sites.
- Resolution No. 465 of March 1980, which clearly called on Israel to dismantle existing settlements and stop building new settlements in the occupied territories, including Jerusalem.
Resolution No. 478 of August 29, 1980, which included non-recognition of Israeli law on Jerusalem and called on the states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from the city.
- Resolution No. 672 of October 12, 1990, which condemned the massacre that took place inside Al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem and renewing the position of the Security Council that Jerusalem is an occupied area.
- Resolution No. 1073 of September 30, 1996, which called for immediate withdrawal of opening an entrance of a tunnel next to Al Aqsa Mosque. The opening of this tunnel left a large number of martyrs and injured among Palestinian civilians.
- Resolution No. 1322 of October 7, 2000, which denounced the provocative behavior of Ariel Sharon who entered Al Aqsa Mosque, and the subsequent violence acts that resulted in the deaths of 80 Palestinians.
- Resolution No. 2334 of December 23, 2016, which affirms that Israel's establishment of settlements in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967 - including East Jerusalem - has no legal validity, and called for an immediate halt to all settlement activities.